Hemp Education

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Broad Spectrum CBD

Broad spectrum oils contain CBD and the entire spectrum of other cannabinoids within the plant except for THC. Hence the name “broad” instead of ”full”. A broad spectrum oil can be 2 or more isolates blended together, or a blend of whole plant extracts. These whole plant extracts are mixed together until THC is not present or non-detectable. Users will experience the entourage effect but without THC.

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CBD isolate is the purest form of cannabidiol. CBD is isolated from a whole plant extract and has no other active ingredient. There is no entourage effect, however, you can still benefit from the effects of CBD alone. Some users even prefer isolate over full or broad. CBD isolate products are typically much cheaper, making it a great choice for a tight budget or the hemp beginner.

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Delta 8 THC

According to the National Cancer Institute, Delta 8 can be defined as: “An analogue of THC with possible antiemetic, anxiolytic, appetite stimulating, analgesic, and neuroprotective properties.” Delta 8 THC chemically differs from Delta 9 THC by only a few atomic bonds and possesses many of the same beneficial qualities of Delta 9, although Delta 8 is only about 70% as psychoactive as Delta 9 THC

Delta 9 THC

Delta 9 THC is responsible for giving cannabis it’s psychoactive effects. These effects can also be achieved with hemp derived Delta 9 THC and still be within legal limits, here is how. The 2018 Farm Bill states that hemp products must contain a Delta 9 THC concentration of  0.3% or less. If one gummy weighs 8g or 8000mg, 0.3% of that would be 24mg. Allowing a legal limit of 24mg of Delta 9 THC per 8g gummy.

Delta 10

Delta 10 is a naturally occurring cannabinoid that is reportedly less potent than delta 9 and delta 8. This psychoactive cannabinoid promotes a stronger calming effect than CBD. Besides helping relax, Delta 10 helps boost mood and reduce paranoia usually onset by psychoactives. Delta 10 may also help reduce muscle tension. 

Endocannabinoid System

Endocannabinoid System

The Endocannabinoid system is a network of cellular receptors within the body and brain. CB1 receptors specifically outnumber many other receptor types in the brain. CB1 receptors are also responsible for the effects felt from THC. It helps regulate things like hunger, temperature, and alertness. There are also CB2 receptors which control immue tissue response, however few cannabinoids like HHC actually work on those receptors.

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Entourage Effect

This is the theory that all the compounds in cannabis work together, and when taken together, they produce a better effect than when taken alone. However, some research suggests that taking them together — along with smaller organic compounds in the cannabis plant, known as terpenes or terpenoids — is more effective than taking CBD or THC alone. This is why Pinnacle Hemp will always make Full Spectrum CBD. Other companies sell “CBD” that has all of the other cannabinoids removed for cost reasons but that also means a less effective product.

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Full Spectrum CBD

A full spectrum oil is a whole plant extract. This means the oil contains multiple cannabinoids, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, proteins, terpenes, and flavonoids. Having all of these components allows you to get the most out of the entourage effect, meaning this is the most effective option. Full spectrum oils have trace amounts of THC, 0.3% or less.

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HHC was discovered in the 1940’s by chemist Roger Adams. He created HHC by adding hydrogen to Delta 9 THC. This process is hydrogenation. Hydrogenation also improves shelf life and makes the compound lets prone to damage caused by UV light and heat. HHC is classified as a “semi-synthetic” cannabinoid as it has been found in trace amounts in the cannabis plant since the 1940’s but large quantities have to be produced in a lab. The psychoactive effects of HHC are said to be between Delta 8 THC and Delta 9 THC. 



THCO is derived from THCA. THCA is applied to a blend of sulfuric acid and acetic anhydride, then heated. This chemical reaction changes the structure of THCA to THCO. THCO is a potent psychoactive cannabinoid. Nicknamed the “psychedelic” or “spiritual” cannabinoid, the effects are said to be about 3 times stronger than regular Delta 9 THC and can be similar to the intoxication associated with psilocybin.


The minor cannabinoid, THCP, has been reported as stronger than it’s delta 9 cousin. This cannabinoid also has the ability to reduce pain and ease nausea. In higher doses, THCP assists in a good night’s sleep. 

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Mitragyna speciosa, or kratom, is a tropical tree indigenous to Southeast Asia, the Philippines, Thailand, and New Guinea. Traditionally, dried kratom leaves are chewed, ingested, or made into a tea. The main two compounds are mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, both only found in Mitragyna speciosa. At low dose, kratom has stimulant effects and is used to combat fatigue. At high dosages, however, it can have sedative effects. Kratom has been often used as an opium substitute.

Green Strains

Green vein kratom is the middle road option between White and Red. Green kratom has more subtle effect than its white vein counterpart, but is still regarded as a stimulant. As a stimulant, green kratom can give a mild energy boost, similar to white kratom, but it may also give the user better mental clarity to focus and greater endurance.

White Strains

White vein kratom carries an acquired taste, compared to other strains. Its intensity makes it harder for beginners to appreciate. White kratom is said to have a mild stimulant effect. In lower doses, it is associated with increased energy and alertness. White kratom is thought to be the most potent of all the major kratom strains outside of Maeng Da varieties, so it is not recommended for people that are new to kratom.

Red Strains

Red vein kratom is thought to have a mild sedative effect, helping the user to remain calm. Some people may use it for pain relief, although it has not been approved for this use. Red kratom is the most mellow of kratom strains. This makes it more approachable than its white or green counterparts.

Blended Strains

Blending kratom strains can help you receive all the effects you may need on a lower scale, allowing you to get an energy boost with the pain killer you need. Using blended strains also helps you keep your tolerance down. This allows you to continue to use your favorite blend without needing to increase your dosage as often.

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